Tuesday, October 16, 2012

6 Minute English on Youth Unemployment: The Answers.

Hello everybody. It's a fine day in Rome and luckily the 'Cleopatra' storm has largely passed us by. "Passed us by" means literally that it passed us without stopping. More figuratively, it means that the storm had little or no effect. "Largely" means "mostly" or "to a great extent."

But I am writing this post to give you the official answers to Six Minute English. First, however, I must warmly thank Livia and Valeria for answering the questions. Valeria says she had a problem with question 3. And the answer to the official question was interesting.

Here they are:

1. The answer was (b): there is no such thing as a "trifle analyst." There are vibration analysts: they are a type of engineer who checks buildings for the possible effects of vibrations. And the "raven master" is the man who looks after the ravens - a species of large, black bird - who live in the Tower of London. There is a superstition that if the ravens die or leave the Tower, the British monarchy will collapse and the entire nation with it. To find out more, read about the ravens in Wikipedia.

2. The International Labour Organisation predicts no improvement in the employment rate before the year 2016 at the earliest.

3. The International Labour Organisation's chief economist thinks that as a result of entrenched unemployment, young people will lose their skills.  

Note the difference between lose and loose. They are quite different. One is a verb; the other is an adjective. I constantly lose my watch and have to search the house to find it. And one pair of trousers I have is rather loose: I have to wear a belt to prevent them falling down in the classroom. 

A note of encouragement to students: if you can demonstrate that you understand the difference, then your English will be better than that of many English people. Go to any news web site that invites readers' comments and you will see what I mean!

4. Many young graduates are being forced to take part-time, unskilled jobs. It's worth looking up all the expressions associated with jobs: part-time, full-time, skilled, unskilled. What are the differences between these?

5. The ILO wants governments to make job creation a priority.

6. The ILO also suggests offering tax breaks to companies who employ young people. A tax break is a situation or period in which a person or business does not have to pay tax. It is also known  as a tax holiday.

 7. Natalie suggest that young people could learn English to help them build their skills.

Many thanks for your participation. I look forward to seeing more people leaving their answers next time. I will be posting a further quiz later this week. 

Meanwhile, have a nice day!

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