Hello all. This is a good time to check out grammar on the Net for some extra practice. Let us look at a recent example: Reported Speech.
Here's an introduction to the subject in the British Council's Learn English website: Reported Speech - 1. There's an explanation of how the verb forms change as between direct and reported speech. Try the exercise at the bottom of the page and tell us all how well you did in a Tag Board message.
Reported Speech - 2 goes into the topic in more detail and explains what changes can be made, if any, to modal verbs when converting from direct to reported speech. Reporting orders, requests and advice are also treated. There is an explanation of the verbs commonly used in reporting, such as promise, claim, suggest, advise and refuse. As with Reported Speech - 1, there is an exercise at the bottom of the page.
Your next resource for reported speech, especially indirect questions, is on the BBC's Learning English web site, specifically at Grammar Challenge. This is a radio programme so this is excellent for your listening skills. You'll listen to a mini-lesson on reported questions. You can download both the speech, as an MP3 file, and the transcript of the programme. The transcript also contains an explanation of the grammar.
At the bottom of the Grammar Challenge page there are links to further explanations of how reported speech works. The best is this page on reported questions, requests, advice and instructions. Don't bother with the link to EFL at the University of Westminster - it does not work.
There is further information on reported speech on Caroline and Pearson Brown's English Grammar Secrets site. Try the word order exercises at the bottom of the page. You have to drag the words into the dark blue area at the top of the window so that they form a correct sentence.
And there's a lot of material on Indirect Speech here at the Edufind.com website.
Finally, take the Indirect Speech Test, courtesy of UsingEnglish.com, and find out what grade you are!
And as always, please do send a message to the Tag Board telling us how this message helped, or didn't help, your understanding of Indirect or Reported Speech, Questions, Orders, requests and similar.
In the next posting we will look at Present Perfect and Past Simple.
More very soon indeed! Yours,